Learn the Basics of Electrical Systems

Electrical 101

This back-to-school season, homeowners can brush up on their knowledge of home electrical systems with this quick guide from experts. Having a basic understanding of the parts of an electrical system, signs of a system malfunction, and how to practice electrical safety can help homeowners prevent accidents and keep system maintenance costs low.

Electrical systems are composed of a complicated network of wires, circuits, and outlets connecting to the local power plant. Professional electricians undergo rigorous training in the classroom and on the job as apprentices to learn how to service and maintain electrical systems. Homeowners should always have a trusted local electrician a phone call away in case of an electrical emergency.

Important Parts of an Electrical System

electric meterHere are some important components of an electrical system:

  • Electric Meter: The electric meter measures the amount of electricity a home uses from the power plant. The metering of electricity is used to identify potential problems with the electrical system and to calculate utility costs.
  • Disconnect Switch: The disconnect switch is usually located on the electric meter or in the breaker panel. The disconnect switch shuts off electricity to the whole home so that the electrical system can be safely serviced without risking accidental electrocution.
  • Breaker Panel: The breaker panel, also called an electrical panel, is a series of switches that controls the electrical circuits for different areas of the home. Each switch correlates to a room in the house or a hard-wired appliance. The breaker panel will flip the switches to an off position to prevent electrical fires in the case of a power overload.
  • Circuits: An electrical circuit is a pathway engineered for electricity to transmit from one place to another. The local power plant provides the electrical circuits with power from the main generator through a network of power lines, wires, and connections.
  • Electrical Outlet: Electrical outlets are a receptacle in the home that allows devices to be plugged in to receive electricity from the power grid through the home’s circuits.

Warning Signs of a Malfunctioning Electrical System

burning smellA malfunctioning electrical system can cause a spike in utility bills, but it can also be a hazard to the house, homeowner, and their family. An electrical fire can harm the entire neighborhood and surrounding ecosystems. There is also the risk of accidental electrocution from a malfunctioning outlet or circuit.

Look out for warning signs of a broken electrical component. Warning signs include sparks or a burning smell coming from outlets or the breaker box. The electrical system can become so overloaded that the heat burns through the insulation on the wires and leads to sparks. It only takes one spark from a sparking outlet to ignite a devastating house fire.

Flickering lights could be a result of installing the wrong voltage lightbulb or simply that the lightbulb is burning out. On the other hand, flickering lights throughout the house for no reason usually mean something is wrong with the electrical system. Homeowners should contact a qualified professional electrician for an inspection as soon as signs of damage or malfunction are noticed.

How to Practice Electrical Safety

Homeowners should have their electrical system routinely inspected and serviced by a professional electrician to improve home safety. Leaving the electrical system in a state of disrepair can cause a small problem to develop into a big issue. Fixing problems early on helps to keep repair costs low and prevent electrical emergencies such as a house fire or electrocution.

Amateur electrical work is extremely dangerous. Unqualified people could injure themselves or start an electrical fire by attempting to repair the wiring themselves. Working on electrical systems requires specialized tools and years of training.

The best thing that homeowners can do for their electrical systems is to schedule annual maintenance, do visual inspections, and call an electrician if they notice signs of damage. Another thing homeowners can do to protect their electrical system is to be careful not to overload circuits. Homeowners should pay attention to the recommended wattage and required voltage for household appliances. Installing surge protectors helps prevent overloading the electrical system.

About Gene’s Refrigeration, Heating & Air Conditioning, Plumbing & Electrical

Gene’s Refrigeration, Heating & Air Conditioning, Plumbing & Electrical has over 60 years of experience serving the residents of Medina, OH, and the surrounding areas. They provide straightforward pricing, same-day service, and 24/7 emergency assistance. Call them today for electrical services in Medina, OH.

Sump Pumps Protect Against Flooding

What is a Sump Pump?

A sump pump is a device that moves water away from the basement and into the outside world. A sump is constructed as a pit, or a hole carved typically somewhere on a basement’s main surface. The pit, otherwise known as a basin, is where the sump pump is placed.

Water triggers the sump pump’s valves when the water level or pressure is too high. When this happens, the sump pump removes the excess water through a discharge line and safely out of the basement. In short, a sump pump is a homeowner’s best line of defense against a flooded home and basement.

How Do Sump Pumps Work?

sump pumpSump pumps can detect rising and high-pressure water levels and will work to stop them from rising too high. Once a high water level is detected, a switch is activated, and the pump comes to life and works to guide the extra water into a discharge pipe. The water flows through the line and is released outside the home, typically away from the home’s foundation.

These pumps are usually powered by electricity but can also be powered by battery and water. The ones wired in electrically often come with a backup plan, either battery or water, in the case of a power outage. Sump pumps are necessary to keep basements clean and free from flooding and sewage backup.

Different Sump Pump Types

types of sump pumpsThere are four main types of sump pumps available on the market: pedestal, submersible, battery-operated, and water-powered.

Submersible Sump Pump

The submersible sump pump is exactly as the name implies: a sump pump that is submerged in the water basin. These sump pumps come in one unit containing both the pump and motor and are safe to be submerged fully in water.

Typically, they are submerged and placed inside a closed basin in a home’s basement. These submersible units are quiet and are a great way to save space. Unfortunately, these pumps are not known to last as long as pedestal pumps, but they are the best choice for homes with major flooding concerns.

Pedestal Sump Pumps

While submersible sump pumps come as one unit with the motor and pump as one, a pedestal sump pump comes with these two separated. The motor is on a pedestal that sits above the basin, and the pump is placed into the basin. A hose connects the two, allowing the motor to give the pump power to run.

Pedestal sump pumps are known to last longer and are easily accessible for maintenance. However, this type of sump pump is not without faults. Since a pedestal sump pump’s motor sits out, it is louder and takes up more space than a submersible one.

Battery-Operated and Water-Powered Backup

These two alternatives are a great addition to the submersible and pedestal sump pumps. They provide backup and extra security to prevent flood damage. A battery or water-powered backup pump will kick in when a power outage occurs, allowing the sump pump to continue working.

Sump Pump Benefits

As mentioned throughout this article, sump pumps are extremely beneficial in protecting against floods in homes and basements, which can help homeowners avoid a tedious cleanup session and water damage. Sump pumps help protect against structural damage and insect infestation from standing water.

Aside from flooding, a sump pump can also protect against sewage backup, keep the humidity level in the basement low, improve indoor air quality, and reduce the risk of mold and mildew growth.

About Gene’s Refrigeration, Heating & Air Conditioning, Plumbing & Electrical

With over 60 years of experience, Gene’s Refrigeration, Heating & Air Conditioning, Plumbing & Electrical is a family-owned and operated company serving the residents of Medina, OH, and the surrounding areas. They provide straightforward pricing, same-day service, and 24/7 emergency service. Call them today for sump pump services in Medina, OH.